Sphinx of Giza Overview

The Sphinx of Giza is a limestone statue located in Giza, Egypt, and is one of the largest monolithic statues in the world. The statue is believed to depict the Pharaoh Khafre, who ruled over Egypt during the fourth dynasty period, sometime between 2558 and 2532 BCE. The Sphinx stands over 20 meters tall and 73 meters long, and its head is believed to be that of the Pharaoh himself, wearing the famous headdress of ancient Egyptian rulers.

The Sphinx of Giza is an important symbol of ancient Egyptian culture and is believed to have been built to protect the Pharaoh's tomb. Its construction required skilled craftsmen who worked with precision tools and techniques. The statue is also a testament to the engineering capabilities of the ancient Egyptians, as carving and moving such giant limestone blocks were monumental tasks in themselves. As an iconic feature of the Giza Necropolis, the Sphinx continues to be a major tourist attraction today, attracting millions of visitors each year who marvel at its grandeur and significance in the history of the ancient world.

The Temple of the Great Sphinx

The Temple of the Great Sphinx
  • The Temple of the Great Sphinx of Giza is a ruined temple located in the Giza Necropolis of Egypt. It is situated between the massive paws of the Great Sphinx, which is believed to date back to the Old Kingdom era of ancient Egypt. The temple was constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep II in the 18th dynasty period, and it served as a site for religious and ceremonial celebrations. Although the temple is now in ruins, its impressive stone structures and intricate carvings serve as a testament to the advanced engineering and architectural capabilities of the ancient Egyptians.
  • The Temple of the Great Sphinx was designed to honor the famous Sphinx statue and is considered an integral part of the overall Giza Pyramid complex. The area surrounding the temple was once home to numerous temple complexes and shrines, some of which have been lost to time. Although the temple is now largely in ruins, it is still an important site for architectural and archaeological research, allowing experts to study the construction techniques and religious practices of ancient Egyptians.

History of Sphinx of Giza

Building the Great Sphinx
Building the Great Sphinx

The Great Sphinx of Giza was built during the Old Kingdom period of ancient Egypt, sometime around 2500 BCE. It is believed to depict the pharaoh Khafre, and its construction required skilled craftsmen who worked with precision tools and techniques.

Book Now: Giza Pyramids Tour From Cairo

Excavations During the New Kingdom
Excavations During the New Kingdom

During the New Kingdom period, the Egyptian Sphinx became an important religious object and was often cited in religious texts. Several pharaohs added their own temples and monuments to the area surrounding the Sphinx.

Checkout: Giza Pyramids Half Day Tour From Cairo

A Roman Tourist Destination
A Roman Tourist Destination

The Roman Empire, fascinated with the Sphinx, turned it into a popular tourist destination, with many visitors writing accounts of their visits.

You May Also Like: Half-Day Private Tour To Pyramids Of Giza And Sphinx

The Middle Ages and the Broken Nose
The Middle Ages and the Broken Nose

During the Middle Ages, the Sphinx was both venerated and attacked, with some accounts recording attempts to remove its nose. By the end of the 14th century, much of the Sphinx was buried in sand.

Also Checkout: Full-Day Giza Pyramids And Egyptian Museum And Bazaar Tour

Modern Excavations and Restorations
Modern Excavations and Restorations

Modern excavations, including those under the direction of French archaeologist Gaston Maspero, helped to uncover and restore the Sphinx to its former grandeur. In the 20th century, further restoration work was done by the Egyptian Antiquities Organization.

Checkout and Book Now: Full-Day Tour To Giza Pyramids, Memphis, And Sakkara

The Great Sphinx Today
The Great Sphinx Today

Today, the Sphinx remains a significant tourist attraction, and its likeness has been reproduced in countless mediums. It continues to be an important symbol of ancient Egyptian culture and a testament to the incredible engineering and architectural prowess of the ancient Egyptians.

Do Checkout: Giza Pyramids Tour With Quad Bike Safari & Camel Ride

Amazing Facts About the Sphinx of Giza

The Sphinx of Giza is a globally-famous ancient Egyptian structure that continues to fascinate people worldwide. Here are some amazing facts about the Sphinx of Giza:

Amazing Facts About the Sphinx of Giza
  • Its face could be a different Pharaoh: Scholars suggest that the Sphinx's face may not be that of Pharaoh Khafre, as previously believed. Some researchers think that the Sphinx originally had a different face, possibly that of Pharaoh Djedefre or another ruler.
  • Its beard is missing: The Sphinx's beard was once attached with pegs, but it has long since been lost to the sands of time. Today, only a small fragment remains, housed in the British Museum in London.
  • The Sphinx has a secret chamber: In the early 1990s, a team of researchers discovered an underground chamber beneath the Sphinx. Though the chamber has not yet been excavated, many theories suggest that it could contain hidden treasures or important archaeological artifacts.
  • It used to be a different color: It is believed that the Sphinx was once painted in bright colors, which have since faded away over the centuries.
  • It has survived many natural disasters: The Sphinx has endured countless earthquakes, windstorms, and flash floods since its creation over 4,500 years ago.
  • The Sphinx has inspired many stories and legends: The Sphinx has long been the subject of mystery and mythology. In Greek mythology, it was said to guard the entrance to the city of Thebes, and anyone who couldn't solve its riddle was devoured. Today, it continues to capture the imagination of countless people worldwide.

FAQS for Sphinx of Giza

What is the Sphinx famous for?

    The Sphinx is famous for being one of the most iconic and recognizable symbols of ancient Egyptian culture and civilization. It is situated in the Giza plateau, near Cairo in Egypt, and is a prominent feature of the larger pyramid complex. It is believed to have been constructed over 4,500 years ago.

Who built the Sphinx of Giza?

Why is the Great Sphinx important?

What is inside the Great Sphinx?

How tall is the Great Sphinx of Giza?

What is the Sphinx of Giza?

How old is the Sphinx?

When was the Sphinx built?

Explore Pyramids of Giza

Explore the Sphinx of Giza

Get to Explore the Sphinx of Giza

Gaze upon the enigmatic Sphinx of Giza, an iconic guardian of antiquity that has withstood the sands of time. As you stand before this colossal limestone figure, the allure of mystery and history is palpable. Carved with intricate detail, the Sphinx's regal countenance merges human intellect with the strength of a lion, embodying the essence of power and wisdom.

With its origin shrouded in legend and speculation, the Sphinx stands as a riddle waiting to be unraveled. Its weathered form and gaze towards the horizon evoke questions about its purpose and significance. As you explore the area surrounding the Sphinx, you're transported to an era when the might of pharaohs and the magic of myths converged. The Sphinx's presence is an invitation to reflect on the marvels of ancient craftsmanship and the stories etched into its stone facade, leaving you captivated by the mystique that defines this enduring symbol of Egypt's rich history.